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亚博网站链接|都2020年了,iOS14还能把「桌面小组件」玩出什么花样?
发布人: 薇草食品 来源: 薇草食品公司 发布时间: 2021-08-07 02:36:01

亚博网站链接|都2020年了,iOS14还能把「桌面小组件」玩出什么花样?

Apple's small components are still very different from Android, and there are some "small surprises" that are hard to find.

苹果的小部件与Android仍然有很大的不同,有些“小惊喜”很难找到。

One of the biggest changes in iOS 14 is to support desktop widgets. The previous widgets can only be added in today's view, which is a negative screen, with limited freedom. After extending the scope to the desktop, the capabilities and forms of widgets have changed greatly. Some people may say, "It's also ten years behind Android." I thought so at the beginning. However, it is not the first time that Apple is "late", and it is not uncommon for it to "come from behind", so it is too early to judge based on the launch time alone.

iOS 14中最大的变化之一就是支持桌面小部件。以前的窗口小部件只能在今天的视图中添加,这是一个负面的屏幕,自由度有限。将范围扩展到桌面后,小部件的功能和形式发生了很大变化。有人可能会说:“它比Android还落后十年。”一开始我是这么认为的。然而,这并不是苹果第一次“迟到”,而且它“从背后来”并不罕见,因此仅根据发布时间来判断还为时过早。

With the launch of the official version of iOS 14, the first batch of third-party apps that support desktop widgets have also appeared. After several days of experience, and after studying the development documents provided by Apple, I found that Apple’s small components are still very different from Android, and there are many "small surprises" that are hard to find.

随着iOS 14正式版的发布,第一批支持桌面小部件的第三方应用也已出现。经过几天的经验,并研究了Apple提供的开发文档后,我发现Apple的小组件与Android仍然有很大的不同,并且很难找到许多“小惊喜”。

The more obvious difference is in appearance. If it is roughly evaluated as "Apple's small components are better than Android", it may be considered "no brainer." But if you look closely at Apple's design specifications for small components, you will find that this "harmony" makes sense.

外观上更明显的区别。如果将其粗略地评价为“ Apple的小型组件比Android更好”,那么它可能被认为“毫不费力”。但是,如果仔细研究一下Apple的小型组件设计规范,就会发现这种“和谐”是有道理的。

Apple’s desktop widgets come in three sizes, large, medium and small, and the smallest occupies four icon spaces. It cannot be changed at will like Android. It adopts a rounded rectangular design that is consistent with the icon.

苹果公司的桌面小部件有大,中,小三种尺寸,最小的占四个图标空间。它不能像Android一样随意更改。它采用与图标一致的圆角矩形设计。

Apple requires boldness in the color of small components, which can reflect the brand, but cannot affect the display of content. The content information is required to be concise and clear, without too many confounding elements. If you need to place a function logo in the widget, it should be displayed uniformly in the upper right corner, and no elements with the same App icon and name can appear.

苹果要求小零件的颜色要大胆,可以反映品牌,但不能影响内容的显示。内容信息必须简洁明了,且没有太多混淆因素。如果需要在小部件中放置功能徽标,则该徽标应在右上角统一显示,并且不会显示具有相同应用图标和名称的元素。

I won’t list more. In short, Apple’s set of rules is very detailed and has clearer requirements for design aesthetics. This is also the advantage of the combination of Apple's hardware and software. I will talk about it many times later, "Limited freedom is true freedom."

我不会列出更多。简而言之,Apple的规则集非常详尽,并且对设计美观性有更明确的要求。这也是Apple硬件和软件相结合的优势。我将在以后多次谈亚博最新地址论“有限的自由就是真正的自由”。

In addition to strict and detailed requirements in appearance, Apple's desktop widgets are also very different in concept from Android. Its concept is "project App content to the desktop", and the content is not the form that matters. Apple has repeatedly emphasized that "widgets are not mini apps," so they are only for display and cannot be operated or swiped.

除了外观上的严格和详细要求外,Apple的桌面小部件在概念上也与Android完全不同。它的概念是“将App内容投影到桌面上”,而内容不是重要的形式。苹果公司一再强调“小工具不是迷你应用程序”,因此它们仅用于显示,不能被操作或轻扫。

Specifically, the small-sized widgets as a whole are equivalent to a button. Click anywhere to enter the App. The medium-sized and large-sized widgets can enter different areas (such as the album cover of the music widget, reminders) Each item of the widget), but the operation cannot be completed directly.

具体而言,小部件总体上等效于按钮。单击任意位置进入应用程序。中型和大型窗口小部件可以输入不同的区域(例如,音乐窗口小部件的专辑封面,提醒),窗口小部件的每个项目),但是无法直接完成操作。

The Android widget is different. It can be used for information display, information collection, or directly as an operation button. Users can slide and click to complete some operations without entering the App.

Android小部件不同。它可以用于信息显示,信息收集或直接用作操作按钮。用户可以滑动并单击以完成一些操作,而无需进入应用程序。

However, Apple has also retained the original small component form in the negative screen, which can be directly operated.

但是,苹果公司还在底片屏幕中保留了原始的小组件形式,可以直接操作。

It seems that Apple wants to distinguish desktop widgets from negative one-screen components. To use an analogy, desktop widgets are a bit like 3D Touch. 3D Touch takes out the control options inside the App, and does not enter the App for some operations. Desktop widgets take out the content in the App, without entering the App to see the information.

苹果似乎想将桌面小部件与否定的一屏组件区分开。打个比方,桌面小部件有点像3D Touch。 3D Touch会移除App内的控制选项,并且不会进入App进行某些操作。桌面窗口小部件可以删除应用程序中的内容,而无需进入应用程序即可查看信息。

Everyone should be familiar with the clock and calendar icons on Apple. The time and date are displayed directly on the icons. In fact, this can be understood as the simplest desktop widget.

每个人都应该熟悉Apple上的时钟和日历图标。时间和日期直接显示在图标上。实际上,这可以理解为最简单的桌面小部件。

Apple's desktop widgets are the projection of App content. Understanding this, widgets can derive many uses. For example, you can put the weather city and air index information on the desktop at the same time. They all come from one App, but display different content. Previously, it was necessary to click in to manually switch, now it is clear at a glance.

苹果的桌面小部件是App内容的投影。了解这一点,小部件可以带来许多用途。例如,您可以将天气城市和空中索引信息同时放在桌面上。它们全部来自一个应用程序,但显示不同的内容。以前,必须单击以手动切换,现在一目了然。

I think it is possible that more App icons will become dynamic in the future, or some desktop widgets can be used instead of icons. App icons can be hidden in the App resource library. However, the current problem is that Apple's desktop management is really poor. Adding small components will disrupt the original desktop layout, and manual organization is a very complicated process.

我认为将来可能会有更多的应用程序图标变得动态,或者可以使用某些桌面小部件代替图标。应用程序图标可以隐藏在应用程序资源库中。但是,当前的问题是苹果的桌面管理能力确实很差。添加小的组件会破坏原始的桌面布局,而手动组织是一个非常复杂的过程。

Another major feature of Apple desktop widgets is smart stacking. Simply put, stack multiple small components together, and the system will display the small components you want to use at the top according to the scene. For example, wake up in the morning to watch the weather, at noon to watch nearby food, and at night to watch the road conditions. Ideally, you don't need to manually find the corresponding App or widget, it will be automatically displayed to you.

Apple桌面小部件的另一个主要功能是智能堆栈。简单地说,将多个小组件堆叠在一起,系统会根据场景在顶部显示您要使用的小组件。例如,早晨起床观看天气,中午观看附近的食物,晚上观看路况。理想情况下,您无需手动找到相应的应用程序或小部件,它会自动显示给您。

The rules of intelligent stacking will change according to information such as time, location, schedule, and can learn the usage habits of everyone, which means that it is not static. Does it sound a bit like Siri suggestion? In fact, Siri suggests that there are different forms in the widgets, which are directly displayed on the desktop in the form of widgets, which look the same as the icons, but will dynamically adjust. To allow users to directly access the services they want, the two are indeed the same in concept.

智能堆叠的规则将根据时间,位置,时间表等信息而变化,并且可以学习每个人的使用习惯,这意味着它不是静态的。听起来有点像Siri的建议吗?实际上,Siri建议在小部件中使用不同的形式,这些形式以小部件的形式直接显示在桌面上,这些小部件的外观与图标相同,但是会动态调整。为了允许用户直接访问他们想要的服务,两者的概念确实相同。

Apple provides an API at the bottom, and developers can set up their own App to link with Siri suggestions and smart stacking under corresponding conditions.

苹果在底部提供亚博最新地址了一个API,开发人员可以设置自己的应用程序以在相应条件下与Siri建议和智能堆栈链接。

There is also a hidden use of smart stacking, that is, you can customize which small components to stack, so as to match a rule of your own. Take an example, such as stacking maps, public comment, and taxi applications to create a dining out scene. Of course, the recommended rules for smart stacking, unlike shortcut instructions and automation, are definite causal relationships. It needs to be learned, the focus is on intelligence, insensitivity, and different ways of using it.

智能堆叠还有一个隐藏用途,即您可以自定义要堆叠的小组件,以匹配您自己的规则。举例来说,例如堆叠地图,公共评论和出租车应用程序以创建外出就餐场景。当然,与快捷方式指令和自动化不同,建议的智能堆叠规则是明确的因果关系。需要学习它,重点是智能,不敏感和使用它的不同方法。

At present, Apple has provided an App area that supports desktop widgets in the App Store, which displays more information, such as weather, countdown, etc., and information collections such as memos and to-dos. In addition, there are some apps created specifically for desktop widgets, such as OneWidget and Widgetsmith. Their apps do not provide other services, but only serve as tools for creating widgets.

目前,Apple提供了一个App区域,该区域支持App Store中的桌面小部件,该区域可显示更多信息(例如天气,倒数等)以及信息收集(例如备忘录和待办事项)。此外,还有一些专门为桌面小部件创建的应用程序,例如OneWidget和Widgetsmith。他们的应用程序不提供其他服务,而仅用作创建窗口小部件的工具。

Although it is an old feature, if it is promoted by the giant Apple, desktop widgets may usher in a "renaissance". The old App began to re-emphasize small components. Apple has paved the way. The problem with Android is just a unified interface. The advancement of the domestic Android ecosystem in terms of intelligence is no worse than that of Apple. In the unified ecosystem, there have been examples of mutual transmission alliances and unified push alliances. There will even be a batch of new apps, specially created for small components, just like the previous ones. Intelligent stacking is a very potential function, and the way of reaching users will be completely changed. It remains to be seen who can grasp the opportunity.

尽管它是旧功能,但如果由巨型Apple推广,则桌面小部件可能会带来“复兴”。旧的应用程序开始重新强调小组件。苹果已经铺平了道路。 Android的问题只是一个统一的界面。国内Android生态系统在智能方面的进步并不比Apple差。在统一的生态系统中,存在相互传播联盟和统一推送联盟的例子。与以前的应用程序一样,甚至还会有一批专门为小型组件创建的新应用程序。智能堆叠是一项非常有潜力的功能,到达用户的方式将完全改变。谁能够抓住机会还有待观察。

In addition, don’t forget that Apple’s desktop widgets also support iOS, iPadOS, and macOS. The relationship between these three is getting closer and closer, which means that developers only need to simply adapt to easily implement them on all Apple platforms Own widgets. In short, desktop widgets (at least Apple's desktop widgets) can be expected in the future.

此外,别忘了Apple的桌面小部件还支持iOS,iPadOS和macOS。这三个之间的关系越来越紧密,这意味着开发人员只需要简单地适应即可轻松地在所有Apple平台上自己的小部件上实现它们。简而言之,将来会期望使用桌面小部件(至少是Apple的桌面小部件)。

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